White House Family Aid Plan: Proposed 2021 Tax Reform Highlights
During his April 28 address to a joint session of Congress, President Biden laid out The American Jobs Plan and American Families Plan (Biden Plan), a $1.8 trillion plan that places a priority on “our kids, our families and our economic future.” These plans include investments in education, direct aid and tax cuts for families, infrastructure and overall tax reform. The administration intends to pay for these investments through a combination of tax increases. The proposed tax changes are substantial and include business tax increases; foreign tax provisions; individual, Medicare and social security changes; and estate and gift tax increases.
In addition to the Biden Plan, Senator Bernie Sanders and his colleagues have introduced the For the 99.5% Act (Sanders Act) and the Corporate Tax Dodging Prevention Act – two pieces of legislation that propose significant tax increases and ensure the wealthiest people and largest corporations “pay their fair share.”
All of this is still preliminary and there will certainly be changes from the proposed provisions to what is passed. In fact, there are other proposed pieces of legislation in the works with differing changes to certain rules. We are monitoring the process and evaluating the potential directions we’re headed with these proposals. To evaluate the best course of action for you, it’s important that you have a conversation with your BMF Advisor about your unique situation and goals; we recommend scheduling a planning session soon.
We’ve highlighted some of the most relevant tax reform items that are being proposed in the Biden Plan, and have noted the Sanders Act’s key estate planning items.
The Biden Plan is proposing:
- a corporate tax rate increase from 21% to 28%.
- a 15% minimum tax on corporations with more than $2 billion reported on their shareholder financial statements.
- doubling the global intangible low-taxed income tax rate from 10.5% to 21% on foreign-sourced income
- a penalty surtax on U.S. company offshore production profits for sales back into the United States, which, for example, could apply to offshore services, support or call centers serving the United States.
- denying all deductions and expensing write-offs for moving jobs or production overseas.
- a 10% advanceable “Made in America” tax credit for certain service or call center jobs brought back to the United States.
- providing or expanding tax credits and incentives for manufacturing, renewable energy, carbon capture and small businesses.
Expected individual income tax rate increases and Changes
The Biden plan would restore the top tax bracket to 39.6% from 37% for individuals and joint filers earning more than $400,000 annually. The White House says this would hit only those within the top 1% and would also raise the capital gains rate paid by those earning more than $1 million to 39.6%. The plan would also replace the current $10,000 cap on state and local tax (SALT) deductions with limitations on itemized deductions for taxpayers earning more than $400,000.
The Section 199A Qualified Business Income Deduction, which allows certain pass-through business owners to deduct up to 20% of their qualified business income, could be repealed or become unavailable to taxpayers with adjusted gross income in excess of $400,000.
Capital gains and dividends
Capital gains and dividend tax rates would increase from 20% to as high as 39.6% for households with more than $1 million of income. The effective rates are 23.8% and 43.4% after including the 3.8% Net Investment Income Tax.
Medicare tax loophole
The Biden plan explains that high-income taxpayers and investors “generally pay a 3.8% Medicare tax on their earnings, but the application is inconsistent across taxpayers due to holes in the law.” The plan proposes a 3.8% Medicare tax “consistently” to taxpayers with over $400,000 of income. This is seemingly aimed as S Corporation shareholders with “active income” not currently being subjected to the Medicare tax.
Estate and Gift Tax
Reduction of the lifetime estate and gift tax exemptions
While the Biden Plan omits changes to the estate tax rate and exemption amounts, the Sanders Act proposes a reduction of the lifetime estate and gift tax exemptions, which would take us back to pre-2010 rules. The estate tax exemption amount would be reduced from $11.7 million to $3.5 million per person (or $7 million total for married individuals). It should be noted that the current exemption level is already slated to sunset in 2025, at which time it will revert to $5 million per person (indexed for inflation). The Act also lays out a tiered rate system for the estate tax, topping out at 65% on estates with assets exceeding $1 billion and reductions to annual gift exclusion amounts.
The Biden Plan focuses on his widely advertised campaign promises, which include eliminating the tax basis step-up at death. Currently, assets included in a decedent’s estate receive a step-up in basis to the fair market value as of date of death in the hands of the heirs.
Discounts eliminated for non-business assets and entities
The Sanders Act would amend the Internal Revenue Code to require that the valuation of most family entities would need to be based upon the percentage of ownership multiplied by the value of the underlying assets, with very few exceptions. The plan would restrict the use of valuation discounts that reduce the overall value of assets, lowering the estate and gift tax liability. Discounts are currently applied to compensate for lack of control and marketability for family-owned businesses.
Most expect action from the House and Senate committees to begin in early May, with ultimate enactment of a comprehensive, single package in the fall. Generally, effective dates of newly enacted provisions are expected in the new year (1/1/2022), but the effective dates of certain provisions may be phased in over time and certain provisions may be effective on the date of enactment.
There’s nothing definitive yet, so there’s no reason to panic – but we are staying alert and preparing for action. Depending on your specific circumstances, significant tax savings may be achieved for those who are able to take advantage of existing tax provisions and rates. Contact your BMF Advisor to discuss your best tax strategy options.
Cindy H. Mitchell?>
Jessica L. Tepus?>
About the Authors
Stay up-to-date with the latest news and information delivered to your inbox.